أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم

بسم الله الرحمن الرحي

As we discuss a lot on sins, I thought its worth to list those major sins. Not just listing but a description of each sin will be given in this category taken from the book of Al-Dhahabi RA and was translated by Dr. Mohammed Moinuddin Siddiqui.

Al-Dhahabi was born in Damascus in the year 673 H/1274 A.C. He acquired his vast knowledge of the Qur’an and the tradition from the scholars of Syria, Egypt and Hijaz, traveling far and wide for this purpose. In one of his books, he listed more than one thousand three hundred scholars, including all the great and famous scholars of his time, from whom he benefited directly and by reading their works.

Al-Dhahabi carried out many scholarly duties in Damascus. When, in the year 741 H, he lost his eyesight, he stopped writing and confined himself to teaching until his death in the year 784 H/1348 A.C., at the age of 74 according to the solar calendar.

Al-Dhahabi left behind him more than ninety scholarly works in the sciences of the tradition, history, biography and various other subjects. According to his introduction to the present book, THE MAJOR SINS, he wrote it for the benefit of the students of the Qur’an. However, over the centuries, this work has been found beneficial for the generality of Muslims. MayAllah grant him his blessings and eternal reward.
WHAT IS A MAJOR SIN ?

Praise be toAllah, the Lord of the worlds, and blessings and safe-keeping be granted to our beloved Prophet Muhammad, the Chief of the Messengers ofAllah and the Guide ofAllah’s fear, and peace and blessings be granted to his family and his Companions.

The subject matter of this book concerns the major sins and prohibited acts.
THE MAJOR SINS

The major sins are those acts, which have been forbidden byAllah in the Qur’an and by His Messenger (SAW) in the Sunna (practice of the Prophet), and which have been made clear by the actions of the first righteous generation of Muslims, the Companions of the Prophet (SAW). Allah Most High says in His Glorious Book:

If you avoid the major (part) of what you have been forbidden (to do). We will cancel out for you your (other) evil deeds and will admit you (to Paradise) with a noble entry. (al-Nisa 4:31)

Thus, by this verse Allah Most High has guaranteed the Garden of Paradise to those who avoid the major sins. And Allah Most High also says : Those who avoid the greatest of sins and indecencies, and forgive when they are angry. (al-Shura 42:37)

Those who avoid the greatest sins and indecencies, except for oversights, (will find that) surely your Lord is ample in forgiveness. (Al-Najm 53:32)

The Messenger ofAllah (SAW) said “The Five daily prayers, Friday to Friday, and Ramadan to Ramadan make atonement for what has happened since the previous one when major sins have been avoided”. It is therefore very important to determine exactly what the greatest vices, technically called “The Major Sins”(Kaba’ir ), are in order the Muslims should avoid them.

There is some difference of opinion among scholars in this regard. Some say these major sins are seven, and in support of their position they quote the tradition “Avoid the seven noxious things” and after having said this, the Prophet (SAW) mentioned them “Associating anything with Allah; magic, killing one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just cause, consuming the property of an orphan, devouring usury, turning back when the army advances, and slandering chaste women who are believers but indiscreet”. (Bukhari & Muslim).

Abdullah Ibn Abbas said “ Seventy is closer to their number than seven” and indeed that is correct. The above tradition does not limit the major sins to those mentioned in it. Rather, it points to the type of sins, which fall into the category of “Major”. These include those crimes which call for a prescribed punishment (Hadd : plurnal, Hudu), such as theft, fornication or adultery (Zina), and murder; those prohibited acts for which a warning of a severe punishment in the next is given in the Qur’an or the tradition; and also those deeds which are cursed by our Prophet (SAW). These all are Major Sins.

Of course, there is gradation among them, since some are more serious than others. We see the Prophet (SAW) has included Shirk (associating something or someone withAllah) among them, and from the text of the Qur’an we know that a person who commits Shirk his sin will not be forgiven and will remain in Hell forever.Allah Most High says “SurelyAllah does not forgive associating anything with Him, and He forgives whatever is other than that to whomever He wills. (Al-Nisa 4:48 and 116).

2 Responses to “The Seventy Major Sins”


  1. 1 mahasin May 4, 2012 at 9:29 pm

    May Allah forgive me my sins.


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